Published On: 19 August 2021By Categories: Tags: 3.5 min read

Difference of COBIT 5 and COBIT 2019


COBIT is an Enterprise governance of I&T. It has evolved over time to provide a clear distinction between governance and management. The COBIT components aim to build and sustain a governance system. The design factors should be taken into consideration by the Enterprise in order to build a best fit governance system.

COBIT was first introduced in 1996 and COBIT 5 was released on 2012 while the latest version of COBIT, the COBIT 2019 was published in 2018.

1: Change in Governance Principles

Governance System Principles

COBIT 5 is formed of 5 main principle systems while COBIT 2019 launched an additional principle system to the latest release, so the COBIT 2019 contains 6 Principles to the governance framework.

COBIT 5 Principles

COBIT 2019 Principles

  1. Meeting Stakeholder needs

  1. Provide Stakeholder Value

  1. Covering the Enterprise end-to-end

  1. Holistic Approach

  1. Applying a single Integrated Framework

  1. Dynamic Governance System

  1. Enabling a Holistic Approach

  1. Governance Distinct from Management

  1. Separating a Governance from Management

  1. Tailored to Enterprise Needs


  1. End-to End Governance System

Source: ISACA®, COBIT® 2019 Framework: Introduction and Methodology, figure 3.5, USA, 2018, and COBIT® 5 figure 2, USA, 2012.

Governance Framework Principles

Apart from that, the 3 three Governance Framework Principles are introduced in COBIT 2019:

Source: ISACA, COBIT® 2019 Implementation Guide, figure 2.2, USA, 2018.
  1. Based of Conceptual Model

Identifies key components and relationship between the components to maximise consistency and allow automation. 

  1. Open and Flexible

Openness and flexibility allow the addition of new content and the ability to address new issues in a flexible way which also contributes to integrity and consistency. 

  1. Align to Major Standards

The model should be aligned to major standards, frameworks and regulations.

2: Change in Processes

More changes are made towards the processes of the framework to address the governance and management objectives.

COBIT 5 Processes

COBIT 2019 Processes

37 Processes

40 processes

Terminology used: “Manage”

Terminology used: “Managed”

Terminology in APO10: Supplier

Terminology in APO10: Vendor

Align, Plan and Organize (APO)

  • added 1 process: APO14 Managed Data

Build, Acquire and Implement (BAI)

  • process added: BAI11 Managed Projects
  • BAI06 and BAI07 indicate the changes being managed, accepted and transitioned are IT changes

Evaluate and Assess (MEA)

  • Monitor, Evaluate and Assess                                                                                                               
Evaluate and Assess (MEA)

  • process added: MEA04 Managed Assurance
  • emphasize the use of “managed”

Overview of Governance and Management Objectives may refer to as follows:

Source: ISACA, COBIT 2019 Framework: Introduction and Methodology, USA, 2018, figure 4.2.
Source: ISACA COBIT 5 Figure 16.

3: Change in Performance Management and Design Factors

Between 0-5 scale based on ISO/IEC 33000 CMMI Performance Management Scheme
Enablers available and Design Factors not available Design Factors introduced and removed Enablers

 In COBIT 2019, 11 Design Factors introduced are about the factors that influence the design of the enterprise governance system.

Source: ISACA, COBIT® 2019 Design Guide: Designing an Information and Technology Governance Solution, figure 2.4, USA, 2018.

In order to facilitate application, a governance system design workflow was adopted. The workflow details can refer to ISACA’s COBIT® 2019 Design Guide and Toolkit: Designing an Information and Technology Governance Solution:



COBIT 5 Processes

COBIT 2019 Processes

5 Governance Principles

6 Governance Principles

37 Processes

40 Processes

“Manage” Terminology used for management processes

“Managed” Terminology use for management processes

“Ensure” Terminology used for governance processes

“Ensured” Terminology use for governance processes

Governance framework principles are not available

Governance framework principles added

Measure performance using 0-5 scale based on ISO/IEC 33000

CMMI performance management scheme introduced to measure performance

Design Factors not included

Design Factors introduced

ISACA’s tool kit can be used to design an enterprise governance system by inserting appropriate values in the corresponding fields. COBIT 2019 also includes new technology and business trends in enterprise I&T. The framework is also capable of integrating with other international standards, guidelines, regulations and best practices that is inimitable for your organisation to provide an effective EGIT framework.

For more information about COBIT 2019 please contact us via our chat or

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